Photo: Hand- knitted finishing of stocking, Lodzia, c. late 1920s, unknown photographer, The  Central Zionist Archive, object n. NKH\430155.

"If Your Father Was a Furrier You Went Into the Fur Trade, If He Was a Tailor, You Went Into Tailoring": Comparison of the Clothing Industry between the Jewish Diasporas- Eretz Israel and London, 1918-1940

This essay traces the development of the clothing industry among Jewish immigrants and their children in Eretz Israel and London during the interwar period, through examination of each industry, and makes a comparison between them. The main focus of the research is the production methods used in each of these industries. The methods used in these countries were based on historical methods that Jews employed in the production of clothing across Europe. The aim of the research was to find out how clothing production within a clustered Jewish community contributed to the development of their Jewish communal history and identity.

I explored the development of the textile and clothing industry in Eretz Israel by highlight three textile, hosiery and clothing factories which were found in Israel namely: Lodzia, Manor and Ata. Each of these factories had an important contribution to the development of the industry. Also, the research examines the tailors and seamstresses in the country. In London, the East End’s Jewish owned workshops are exploring; specifically, the women’s outerwear ready-made production from the workers' experience. Eleven private stories were analysed to extract important information about the construction of the industry, production methods, the final products that they manufactured and their working environment. The study makes a comparison between the two countries’ industries through core subjects such as the development of the local trade, language and production methods, which correlated with theories of diasporic memory and knowledge transmission.